Download OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Catalonia, Spain by Collective PDF
This overview of nearby innovation assesses tips on how to enhance Catalonia's present procedure and activities with a view to improve its innovation process via either its personal programmes and people of Spain and the ecu Union.
It reveals that with over seven million population and a GDP of round EUR 204 billion, Catalonia isn't just a massive area inside Spain, yet in the OECD in addition. certainly, its monetary output is the same to international locations like Portugal and Norway. The sector skilled vast inhabitants progress over the last decade, as a result of immigration, which partially drove GDP development. even though, Catalonia’s productiveness is slipping, relative to different OECD areas, necessitating the transition to a productivity-driven development version via a higher nearby innovation procedure. The quarter has effectively reinforced its examine base, with investments in R&D having elevated four-fold during the last decade. Catalonia is now mobilising actors around the innovation approach in nearby centres, equivalent to Barcelona, to enhance productiveness and tackle social demanding situations.
Read or Download OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Catalonia, Spain (ECONOMIE) PDF
Best urban planning & development books
Housing is not any longer approximately having a spot to reside – yet approximately nation pressures to comply, norms and regulations relating to citizenship, and practices of surveillance and safety. Breaking new flooring within the box of city politics and diplomacy, Securitization of estate Squatting in Europe examines and evaluations legislative tasks and examines governmental makes an attempt to reframe city estate squatting as against the law and a risk to household protection.
Interdisciplinary neighborhood improvement: foreign views is a special examine the options in interdisciplinary neighborhood improvement world wide. foreign leaders in geography, public coverage, management, social paintings, schooling, and public wellbeing and fitness discover the newest study, courses, and techniques to advertise options that foster social justice, overall healthiness, peace construction, and others.
This is often the e-book of the published ebook and should now not contain any media, site entry codes, or print supplementations which can come packaged with the sure ebook. Explores how assisting pros successfully paintings in the neighborhood. group association: conception and perform presents readers with the theories, instruments and techniques had to arrange potent, participatory switch efforts in groups.
First rising at first of the 20th century, architectural reconstruction has more and more turn into an device to visually revive a protracted bygone earlier. This booklet bargains with the phenomenon of meticulous reconstruction in structure. It argues that the politics of reconstruction cross a long way past aesthetic issues.
Extra info for OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Catalonia, Spain (ECONOMIE)